Please ensure Javascript is enabled for purposes of website accessibility
(800) 905-4249

What Are The Six Components Of Structured Cabling?

The most efficient way to organize your company’s network cabling and equipment is to use an organized cabling scheme. It’s organized and planned to meet your current and future needs, and it works so well because it’s made up of smaller components known as “subsystems.” These six smaller subsystems all work together to form a single business infrastructure.

1. Entrance Facilities

In a formal cabling scheme, an entrance facility denotes the point where the telephone company’s wiring finishes and your company’s starts. Cabling, demarcation points, connecting hardware, and any other equipment needed to link the outside provider’s cabling to the private cabling can be found in entrance facilities.

The demarcation point, also known as the “demarc,” is the most significant component of an entrance facility. This is the stage at which the ISP or telecom company’s circuit stops and the private cabling device starts. From that point on, the property owner is responsible for any cabling on the premises.

2. Equipment Room

Any space on the premises that contains machine equipment or consolidation points is referred to as an equipment room. Switches and routers for formal cabling are normally found in an equipment space.

Cabling from the entrance facility will be routed via a patch panel into the equipment space. From the equipment room to the telecommunications closet, more cabling can be installed. It’s essential to keep equipment rooms and any other facility that houses telecommunications or network hardware safe.

3. Backbone Cabling

The actual cables that run across the system make up backbone cabling. It’s usually twisted-pair or fiber optic cable that runs across the building. Backbone cabling, access provider points, and entrance facilities can all be located between an equipment room and a telecommunications closet.

Backbone cabling is divided into two types:

  • Among horizontal cross-connects and intermediate cross-connects, there is backbone cabling.
  • Between the intermediate cross-connect and the primary cross-connect, there is cabling.

This cabling serves as the system’s “backbone,” as the name implies. It connects all of the different subsystems, and the cabling that actually goes through this particular subsystem is governed by the ANSI/TIA-568 standards.

4. Telecommunications Room/Enclosure

The termination points for your system’s backbone cabling and horizontal cabling, such as fiber jumpers or patch cables, are housed in a telecommunications room (TR) or enclosure (TE).

The difference between a telecommunication enclosure and a telecommunication room is that a telecommunication enclosure serves a smaller location. Each floor of a building should also have one telecommunications space.

5. Horizontal Cabling

Horizontal cabling links the telecommunications room or enclosure to outlets or work areas on the premises in a standardized cabling system. This type of cabling is typically mounted during the construction of a house.

Unshielded twisted-pair cable, or UTP, is typically used for horizontal cabling. To prevent electromagnetic interference, special requirements govern how long the cables should be and where the horizontal cabling should be mounted. Horizontal cabling is similar to “last mile” cabling that runs from a machine to a workstation.

6. Work Area

The work area is the physical location of an end-equipment. In the work room, there are workstations with various equipment such as laptops, desktop computers, or other Wi-Fi activated devices that plug into a wall socket. The end-equipment user is connected to the outlets in the horizontal cabling subsystem by work-area components.

A standardized cabling system has many advantages. These advantages will differ from one company to the next, but for the most part, they will guarantee a dependable and cost-effective network that will last the distance.

Do You Need Structured Cabling for Your New Location?

Building a new location? Need to add a new computer network station? Relocating? Contact Quick-Tel for any type of data cabling needs for your phone or business network, we can do it all. We help businesses improve their telecommunications correctly which saves time and money by not having to do it a second time, creating more time to work on the productive parts of your business for you and your employees. Based on decades of experience, we use only the very best products in the industry that we can personally guarantee. We use General Cable, Levinton Jacks, and ICC heavy-duty faceplates that are built to last. We strive to fully understand your business needs and project requirements before getting to work, to ensure the best possible results.  We use only the best cable and equipment in the industry for lasting results. Contact us to schedule a free on-site consultation, ask a question about your next telecom project, or find out more about how we can help your business grow and communicate better.