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What Is Data Cabling?

What is Data Cabling?

Data Cabling is a way of linking various devices within an IT network, such as PCs, printers, CCTV cameras, servers. There are basically two types of data cable, copper and fibre, and there are distinct grades between these two types of cable that eventually result in different standards.

Cables are run to a floor box or wall mounted point near where the system will be placed, it will be run from a central location where a communication cabinet will be installed, most of the time all cables return to the same cabinet, but you may have a cabinet per floor for a large scale deployment. Fibre cables can travel much longer distances than copper, so fibre typically links many cabinets together, while copper cables link individual devices and go back to the nearest cabinet.

Can anyone do data cabling?

The brief response is no, they can’t. It is advisable to get a licensed data cabler out if you need cabling done in your home or office that has had proper training and received their license for cablers. It can lead to the insurance plans and product warranties being invalid by using an unlicensed cabler.

Another explanation for just using a licensed data cabler is that it will potentially place stress on the network if the wrong type of cabling is used, causing the service or hardware to perform.

What is CAT5e?

CAT5e data cabling can operate at the following speeds: 10/100/1000Mbps, usually over a distance of 100 meters these speeds can be reached, both copper cable pairs are used when a network switch negotiates a 1000Mbps link.

What is CAT6?

CAT6 data cabling can operate at the following 10/100/1000/10000 speeds, since CAT6 is still a copper cable, you can only run it for a total length of up to 100 meters.

Please find below the different copper cable type, a variety of environmental variables will decide the correct cable and you should always seek advice before choosing the cable or instead let an expectation do it for you.

  • Unshielded Twisted Pair(UTP) – The UTP cable consists of wires twisted together in pairs. This is one of the most common approaches used to help avoid interference with electromagnetics.
  • Shielded/ Screened or Foiled Unshielded Twisted Pair(S/UTP & F/UTP) – This has an overall foil or braid panel covering the 4 pairs of twisted pairs that are unshielded.
  • Foiled Twisted Pair(FTP) – With shielding (also called screening) wrapped around the individual twisted wires, FTP provides an additional layer of security. This defends against crosstalk and EMI/FRI.
  • Shielded and Foiled Twisted Pair(S/FTP) – With foil protection around the individual twisted wires and an overall panel that can often be a flexible braid, a mixture of the two above. This offers the best degree of interference protection and is contained in the highest performance cables.

What is Fibre?

Fibre is a cable-like flexible glass tube that allows light to pass at high speed over large distances through it. Fibre cables (OM1-5) can run at speeds of: 10/100/1000/10000; depending on the speed needed, they can range between 500 meters and 2 km.

Do You Need a Data Cabling Installer You Can Trust?

Building a new office? Need to add a new station? Relocating? Contact Quick-Tel for any type of data cabling needs for your phone or business network, we can do it all.  Based on decades of experience, we use only the very best products in the industry that we can personally guarantee. We use General Cable, Levinton Jacks, and ICC heavy duty face plates that are built to last. We strive to fully understand your business needs and project requirements before getting to work, to ensure the best possible results.  We don’t use cheaply made, poor quality, cable and equipment for your telecommunications project. We use only the best cable and equipment in the industry for lasting results. Contact us to schedule a free on-site consultation, ask a question about your next telecom project, or find out more about how we can help your business communicate better.