What is Structured Cabling?
Structured Cabling is characterized as a telecommunications cabling infrastructure for a building or campus that is made up of a number of standardized smaller elements (structured).
A properly built and installed structure cabling system provides a cabling infrastructure that offers consistent efficiency while also being flexible enough to handle transfers, modifications, and improvements. It also maximizes system availability, provides stability, and future-proofs the cabling system’s usability.
Present and future requirements can be met with a properly configured device, and future hardware can be enabled as well.
The design and installation of structured cabling is regulated by a set of specifications that define wiring data centers, offices, and apartment buildings for data or voice communications using different types of cable, most notably category 5e (Cat 5e), category 6 (Cat 6), fiber optic cabling, and modular connectors.
These guidelines specify how to lay cabling in different topologies to suit the needs of the customer, usually by the use of a central patch panel (typically 19-inch rack-mounted), from which each modular link can be used as required. Each outlet is then patched into a network switch (normally also rack-mounted) or an IP or PBX (private branch exchange) telephone system patch panel for network use.
To link a computer to lines patched as data ports into a network switch, simple straight-through patch cables are needed at either end.
In most countries, voice patches to PBXs need an adapter at the remote end to convert the 8P8C modular connector configuration into the local standard telephone wall socket. The 6P2C and 6P4C plugs most commonly used with RJ11 and RJ14 telephone connections are physically and electrically compatible with the larger 8P8C socket, so no adapter is needed in North America. Physically, but not electrically, RJ25 and RJ61 connections are incompatible and cannot be used. Since the 6-pin BT socket is physically incompatible with 8P8C in the United Kingdom, an adapter is required at the remote end.
While standardized cabling standards do not require it, it is normal to color-code patch panel cables to identify the type of link, except in the demarcation wall region.
All eight conductors in Cat 5e/6/6A cable must be connected according to industry standards.
IP phone systems will connect the phone and computer over the same wires, obviating the need for separate phone lines.
The maximum distance for the permanent connection installation is 90 m, plus a combined 10 m of patch cords at the ends, regardless of copper cable type (Cat 5e/6/6A).
Both Cat 5e and Cat 6 are capable of running power over Ethernet (PoE) applications up to 90 meters. When Cat 6A cabling is used to power and link to PoE devices, however, output and power efficiency are higher due to greater power dissipation in Cat 5e cable.
The following are some of the advantages of a well-organized, high-quality standardized cabling system:
- Since moves, additions, and modifications are performed in the MDA rather than running long patch cords from equipment shelves, they are much simpler.
- Because of this organisation, the likelihood of human error is significantly reduced, resulting in less downtime.
- Time savings: With a standardized cabling scheme, tracing cables and ports is much simpler. Not only does this logical, structured method make improvements simpler, but it also saves you time.
- Aesthetics: Never underestimate the influence of appearances! An organized cabling system would appear much smoother than a point-to-point cabling system. Since the modifications are made in the MDA rather than the hardware, the hardware may normally be cabled up and not touched. This preserves the visual appeal of the cabling in front of the turn.
Do You Need Structured Cabling for Your New Location?
Building a new location? Need to add a new computer network station? Relocating? Contact Quick-Tel for any type of data cabling needs for your phone or business network, we can do it all. We help businesses improve their telecommunications correctly which saves time and money by not having to do it a second time, creating more time to work on the productive parts of your business for you and your employees. Based on decades of experience, we use only the very best products in the industry that we can personally guarantee. We use General Cable, Levinton Jacks, and ICC heavy-duty faceplates that are built to last. We strive to fully understand your business needs and project requirements before getting to work, to ensure the best possible results. We use only the best cable and equipment in the industry for lasting results. Contact us to schedule a free on-site consultation, ask a question about your next telecom project, or find out more about how we can help your business grow and communicate better.